Merci is also only made up of two syllables, and because no accent is needed, it could perhaps be the utmost effortless word of verlan. http://egblanguages.blogspot.co.uk/p/verlan, http://www.wuj.pl/UserFiles/File/Romanica%20Cracoviensia%202009/14-RC-9-Piechnik2.pdf, 10 French Filmmakers You Should Know More About, 6 Fantastic French Animated Movies You Should Watch, Things Americans Won't Understand in France. The extra “R” at the end of re-fre takes away from the original sound of frère, that is why it becomes reuf. Your email address will not be published. C'est parti! Et vous, c’est pareil dans votre(vos) langue(s)? Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you They might not even know what it means, especially if they’re part of the older generation. You know, that secret code language where you move the first consonant to the end of the word and add “ay”? • Cutting parts of the word C’était un truc de ouf ! In this post, I'm going to give a general overview of French slang, notamment the systems of argot, verlan, and a few commonly used French expressions. To learn them would be like starting an entire new French lesson, but if you want to challenge yourself and try it out, a great way to do this is to incorporate one word a day into your learning and try to use it whenever possible. A list of argot words can be found all over the internet! Changer ). Ouf = fou (Un truc de ouf !) Merci. FrenchCrazy Media LLC. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos. Well, you can! B gets moved to the back, and R gets dropped: ouchéb-, L is added to the front of the word: louchéb-, -éme suffix is added, but the last E is dropped: louchébem. The title of the song is called “Classique.”. If you’re having trouble figuring out which words to “hide” during normal French speech, think about the word within the sentence that you want to be kept secret, that’s usually your best bet. All Rights Reserved. Verlan is the cryptic language of the street, it’s a language used to speak while avoiding authority figures, parents, and those you are talking about… it’s no surprise that words about race, drugs (oinj = joint) or sex (chatte = teuch’) are verlanized to have a more “private” conversations amongst one another. Yes, key word: faster! Interactive captions will guide you along the way, so you’ll never miss a word. ), Émission de radio sur les ateliers de français de la MDH Centre-Ville. Vous êtes arrivés ici en tromé ? Similiar to céfran, tromé is on the beginner’s side. The addition of the “U” and dropping the final “E” make meuf ring more like femme backwards. Good luck detectives. There are three types of commonly practiced slang in French: louchébem, argot and verlan aka verlan à l’envers. If you never heard of this one before, fou is the regular word in French for “crazy.”. That goes for any language in general. can take anywhere. There are three types of commonly practiced slang in French: louchébem, argot and verlan aka verlan à l’envers. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. I know I’ve said this a million times, but this is the last, I promise: The same aforementioned rule applies! Verlan is used in music, primarily French rap and hip-hop because it allows for easier rhyming and adds a bit of style to the song. FluentU lets you learn French from real-world content like music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and inspiring talks. I typically don’t publish comments which make reference to another website. Note: Be careful not to confuse vénère with the verb vénérer, which means to “venerate” or “worship” in French. FluentU brings authentic French videos within reach of any learner. John, having spent some more time looking around this site, there is so much great stuff here, so thank you! The book comes with plenty of audio, so you can learn to recognize slang and informal speech when you hear it in conversation. As children we learn to speak in codes like Pig Latin because we want to tell secrets out loud. relou = lourd Entrez vos coordonnées ci-dessous ou cliquez sur une icône pour vous connecter: Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte WordPress.com. All Rights Reserved. (Some of the examples were provided by the RedditFrench Community! What makes it a little confusing is that suffixes such as –ème, –ji, –oc and –muche are added at the end of the word. Because similar to ouf and cimer, teuf is an extremely favored verlan word. gen-ar = argent, To return to our French Language Learning section, click HERE. Le verlan (pronounced ver-lan) is a form of French argot (slang).Verlan first became used in the poor communities around Paris following the 2nd World War. Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Facebook. Relou = lourd = ennuyeux, embêtant… Chelou = louche = bizarre La reum = la mère Une meuf = une femme Un keum = un mec La teuf = la fête Pécho = choper (= attraper, draguer) Une caillera = une racaille (= un délinquant) Un rebeu = un beur = un arabe Vénère = énervé La beuh = l’herbe = la marijuana La zicmu/ zi… Being an oral language, the spelling of verlan depends upon the pronunciation, not the direct inversion of letters. Your comment is spot on, French does use a bunch for abbreviations and the link you provided was useful. It’s kind of hectic to literally verlaniser every French word in a sentence (though there are people who do it). Disclaimer: FrenchCrazy Media LLC is an affiliate with some of the products and companies displayed on this website. So I saved the best for last, because this French word might describe to how you feel right now, a little vénère aka énervé? renoi = noir, Avertissez-moi par e-mail des nouveaux commentaires. One quick look will give you an idea of the diverse content found on FluentU: Love the thought of learning French with native materials but afraid you won’t understand what’s being said? You probably have heard of “le Verlan” which consists of inverting syllables in a word (the word “Verlan” itself is an inversion of the word “l’envers” (‘reverse’). Some house parents are on the younger side though. By breaking up the word français at its syllables, fran-çais, you get cé–fran, céfran. (You wanna come to the party tonight?). Learn how your comment data is processed. Let’s not forget that French is a language that’s all about sound! Il existe plusieurs niveaux de langue en français : souvent, quand on a appris le français à l’école et qu’on arrive en France on ne comprend plus rien à ce que les gens disent dans la rue ! Since then, it’s popularity rose due to its presence in the music and film culture. Tu veux venir à la teuf ce soir ? Verlan also comes from foreign words and then are verlanized. Attention à ne pas mélanger les registres de langue quand vous parlez! For example, if you tap on the word “suit,” then this is what appears on your screen: Don’t stop there, though. Hi I really like your site and your positivity.I don’t know if you’ve already written about it, but two things learners might find helpful to know are: – the French use tons of abbreviations like, le fac, comme d’hab, perso, Someone wrote about it with lots of examples http://www.wuj.pl/UserFiles/File/Romanica%20Cracoviensia%202009/14-RC-9-Piechnik2.pdf-the other thing is that they use a lot of slang vocab that is not taught in formal settings, like frangine, fringue, barge, and much, much more. – Toubib > médecin (oui ça vient de l’arabe! Before we dive in the modern French slang expressions, let me tell you a bit about French slang – l’argot. So if you’re speaking in front of your French homestay mom and you’re sneakingly planning to go to a secret French underground rave, then teuf would be the wiser word to use. Tromé is used almost all the time. French Slang 101. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. Ici, un petit exercices pour voir la différence entre français soutenu, courant et standard). I’m not going to translate this one into English for you because, well, you should know what merci means! While all French words can technically be verlanisé, some are more commonly used than others. chammé = méchant In this case you break up the vowels together and take the ending pair of letters and move them to the beginning of the word. Since this video content is stuff that native French speakers actually watch on the regular, you’ll get the opportunity to learn real French—the way it’s spoken in modern life. Blog avec vidéos et exercices ici. Other famous French rappers who tend to use verlan in their lyrics are Booba, La Fouine and Sniper. So, the word beur which is a verlan word understood by many French people is now sometimes indicated by the word rebeu to once again re-encrypt the word. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. (Did you come here by metro?). Learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. I’m sure you’ve conceived that the breaking up of syllables involves splitting a word up at its vowels, but in the case of three-letter verlan words, there’s an exception. As I mentioned before, verlan is famously used within French hip hop and rap. (That’s crazy or it’s crazy). ouf = fou, Vénère is the verlan of énervé, which is French for “angry” or “mad.” If you don’t feel either of these, would you say a tad bit frustrated? Yes I know, doesn’t nicely flow as much in English! How? Of course it’s cool to understand the way natives secretly express themselves. Did you ever speak Pig Latin when you were young? Avertissez-moi par e-mail des nouveaux articles. This article is great if you want to learn the basics of verlan and to understand what verlan is. And it’s way easier than formal argot. That’s another common change you’ll see with these next three words on the verlan list. The reason is for priority of sound. It’s considered a language game that involves breaking up original French words at their syllables and consonants and reversing them. meuf = femme, This is how it works: The first consonant of a French word is moved to the end and replaced with the letter “L,” making it easier than regular argot. Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Google. Well, the French are throwing French language learners a curveball and it’s up to you to decipher verlan or remain confused about a certain sub-population of it’s users. They are just completely different words that substitute the same words you’ve already been learning, such as the word bagnole, which is argot for voiture (car). Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. Another one of those easy, peasy, lemon squeezy verlanisé words! Try to remember this expression for next time and you’ll blow all your classmates, comrades and colleagues away! M–oi becomes oi–m. Here’s how this one looks: I know these verlanisé words look a little more German than French. Words nowadays are also becoming doubly “verlanized” because the previous words have become too “mainstream”. Slang is when speakers feel at ease, comfortable and colloquial. Let’s just say that if you’re living in France at a homestay with foreign French parents, calling your house mom reum probably won’t slide. I’m glad you like my site, je vous souhaite une bonne journée! Maybe I should create an article to cover all the other stuff. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator. 1. However I checked your site out and it’s completely relevant to this article, so I appreciate your comment. by John Elkhoury | Learning French | 7 comments. Whenever your heart desires. fou – ouf. (It was crazy!). Argot vocabulary words are passed down by parents and grandparents through upbringing. Once you get the hang of it, it’ll be easy as pie, so here are 10 French words verlanisés to help get you started in the world of verlan à l’envers: Céfran is categorized under the novice level of verlan. To continue expanding your knowledge of informal and spoken forms of French, you may want to consider getting the e-book from IE Languages on the subject. ( Déconnexion / Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Twitter. If they are, try to casually throw it in there, they might think it’s cute. What is Verlan? Here’s how it looks: f–0u becomes ou–f. ), beur = arabe, If you’re not a boucher (butcher) in France, you probably won’t be using this verbatim anytime soon! Learn more about FrenchCrazy on our about page. keum = mec (homme), So why should you care if verlan exists? Directly looking at it, you may be confused as to how femme becomes meuf, but here’s how the verlanisé of it looks: I know that even after this step-by-step explanation you still might not understand why femme becomes meuf, but as I mentioned before, sound is a number one rule! Verlan is sometimes caught in the daily newspaper comics, it’s heard on television, it’s heard in French songs. Every language has its slang vocabulary, but argot is unique in that the majority of common formal verbs and nouns have a corresponding word for use among friends. It’s just something that you’re “supposed” to know or memorize! Argot, verlan et tchatche Si de nos jours l’argot fait partie intégrante du langage familier voire courant des Français, permettant de s’exprimer à travers un lexique à la fois coloré et détourné, et proposant des connotations différentes de celles du registre dit “J’écoute la dio-ra ils jouent la banane sur banane” – Booba This one might look tricky because it’s a short word with two vowels next to each other. This article will discuss how verlan is created and provide examples to it’s modern day usage. ), – Dalle (avoir la) > avoir faim, j’ai la dalle, – Veinard > chanceux (t’as du bol = tu as de la chance), Explication et de nombreux exercices sur cette page, Vous voulez parler comme un français? 28 décembre 2016 28 décembre 2016. ripou = pourri, Verlan first became used in the poor communities around Paris following the 2nd World War. Knowing your syllables, consonants, keeping an attentive ear to sound and knowing your basic French vocabulary, of course. The main overall point is that you’re learning French to understand French people. You’ll hear it on the metro (duh), at parties or with friends who are familiar speaking to each other like this. It all began when French people chose to speak in code in an effort to hide information from social control and police forces. Cé–fran, as you can see, is the reversal of the syllables in français. The thing is this article is SPECIFICALLY on le verlan, I did not incorporate other slang. But bear with me please! Again, the “M” or letter without a vowel stands alone in the break-up reversal. Mère (mother) in verlan is reum. Verlan à l’envers, last but not least, can be your life saver! There are four distinct steps to creating a word in verlan: Teuf, which is the envers of fête (party) is regularly used by the younger, hip generation. There goes that “U” again! Trust me, they all are. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Le français familier : le verlan et l’argot. © John Elkhoury, 2011 – 2020. ( Déconnexion / • The deletion or elision of several syllables of long words before or after the inversion, For example, the standard word fond would be translated to donf. The envers (reverse) of femme, which I hope you know translates to “woman” is meuf. Once you hear and say these words to yourself out loud you’ll see what I mean about the difference between the sound in reuf and refre. Tap on any word to see a definition, in-context usage examples, audio pronunciation, helpful images and more. You’ll also be surprised to know that verlan has even made it into French dictionaries for its popular use! Not only that, but it’s much easier and faster to learn than argot. With the work you’ve been putting into simply learning original French language and grammar, to even think of picking up any form of French slang or argot can seem millions of light years away. Meuf is considered a more advanced word to verlaniser compared to the prior ones on this list. So if you’re already a master of original French vocabulary and grammar, then verlan sera du gâteau ! Always remember that this is a language game, and that rules can be a little topsy turvy. But don’t worry, after the first learning hill, it’s a trip! Vous êtes fou! Just a fun fact! Since then, it’s popularity rose due to its presence in the music and film culture. Verlan is created by the inversion of syllables within a word. This comment has been removed by the author. The information exchanged usually related to illegal instances, but now the style of speaking in verlan has stuck and found its way into the younger French generation—and even music, like French hip hop and rap. Argot on the other hand, can take loads of time to learn and is best picked up by living in real-time French culture. Now that I’ve let you in on a little secret, chime in and try to detect verlan among young, cool, hip French speakers. Please check your email for further instructions. You’ll hear cimer fluidly used by numerous young français. I have did a relatively detailed study of the use of verlan and it’s development, and have recently updated it and published it to http://egblanguages.blogspot.co.uk/p/verlan so please take a look at my (updated) work. Like this: French → renchfay, today → odaytay, cup → upcay. A funny popular everyday expression using the verlanisé of fou aka ouf is: Truc de ouf. Others try to even verlaniser a word that’s already been verlanisé (this is known as veul), which is the double verlan of the word verlan, making it even more cryptic—but let’s not carried away. Oim sounds more like moi backwards than iom would. Confusing, I know, so let’s not worry about this type of slang. Click here to get a copy. download the FluentU app from the iTunes store, 11 French Phrases You’ve Gotta Learn to Impress Natives, 10 Awesome French Podcasts For French Learners, 9 Great Channels to Learn French on YouTube, 10 Tasty Tips for Teaching Yourself French, 7 Awesome Songs to Help You Learn French Through Music, 15 French Idioms You Should Know But Don’t, 15 French Slang Words Every French Learner Should Know. For the most part, this list here of verlan vocabulary words are a just few of the prominently used. So when to use teuf? In the case of frère aka reuf, the second “R” is also dropped: Frère → frè–re → re–frè → refre → reufre → reuf. Verlan, which is actually the French word à l’envers backwards or “reversed” (that’s what it translates to), is a form of Pig Latin that French speakers use in everyday talk; way, way more than an English speaker would ever use Pig Latin in their entire life. French is a language that’s all about sound! garo = cigarette, teubé = bête, À part ces mots en verlan, vous apprendrez aussi des mots familiers, voire des gros mots :-) Et si vous voulez connaître plus de gros mots en français, c’est dans cet article! Like the previous two words on the list, the same rules apply. FrenchCrazy.com features articles on how to learn French. Another example is feuk which derives from the verlan word keuf which means flic (original slang word for police). Nowadays French youth and various genres of music utilize verlan, enhancing musical style and depicting certain cultural/social backgrounds. Attention, il y a des “keufs” dans la banlieue.. Here’s the word frère (along with some others we’ve learned) used in action by a famous French rapper, Rohff. But if you noticed, meuf, one of the words we learned, is also thrown into the sentence, along with another that isn’t on the list: keuf. (You’re awesome, thank you!). Choosing which last suffix to use depends on phonetics. “Une keuf meuf, ou se faire poucave par son propre reuf.” (A female cop, who got snitched out by her own brother). Frère, which is the word for “brother” in French, as you see, gets verlanisé into reuf. It’s a two syllable word, tro–mé, which is the verlan of mé–tro. Truc translates to “thing” in French, and it stands for literally any, old thing. Cliquez pour partager sur Facebook(ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre), Cliquez pour partager sur Pinterest(ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre), Cliquez pour partager sur WhatsApp(ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre), Le français familier : le verlan et l’argot, Les sentiments : la colère, la tristesse, la peur, la joie…, La France et les français : jeux, vidéos et exercices tout niveau, Vidéo Les légumes (groupe de grands débutants oral ayant bien progressé! Il existe plusieurs niveaux de langue en français : souvent, quand on a appris le français à l’école et qu’on arrive en France on ne comprend plus rien à ce que les gens disent dans la rue ! Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Want to keep your French up-to-date and cutting-edge? We also talk extensively about how to live in France and about French culture. Anything can be a truc. Although it still bears a sort of negative connotation by the older generation due to its roots, it’s commonly used by many young French who are familiar with it. keuf = flic, Keuf is verlan for “cop” or “police,” the envers of flic (which is argot for police). Cannot find the article. the list goes on…. Those who should care are the people who get real-world experiences with French people in France, more specifically the young ados of France. I’d consider it the most used verlan word of all. We all do it, even in our own English language, so wouldn’t you love to learn how, in French? Incorporating the “U” into these words and dropping the last “E’s” give the word a better sound in its envers (reversed) version. Verlan should not be confused with arabic words which are also present in French music (kiffer, halla, ahki, etc). It’s crazy! There are rules to follow though, like every language; and like all language rules, some can be overruled. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. 2. I did too, the first time I heard of such a thing as verlan! Pour mieux comprendre, une vidéo sur le français familier : C’est l’ensemble des mots particuliers qu’adopte un groupe social vivant replié sur lui-même et qui veut se distinguer et/ou se protéger du reste de la société (certains corps de métiers, grandes écoles, prisons, monde de la pègre, etc.). Listen to music, google words and simply ask French people what certain words mean when you don’t quite understand them. ( Déconnexion / When you try to say femme backwards by using the literal reversal (mmefe), it does not go whatsoever! These next three verlan words on the list are going to apply the same rule as the one found in femme. Thanks for subscribing! zyva = vas-y, • The addition or suppression of the final vowel ( Déconnexion / Required fields are marked *. Louchebém was created and used mostly before the 1950s by butchers and meat packers, but is still sparingly spoken today among people of that class. Fêtons 2018 -les Asl ont un incroyable talent. Mer–ci becomes ci–mer. Ouf sounds more like fou backwards [foo – oof] than (uof) would. Normally, there are only certain words within a sentence that are verlanisés. Like cimer, ouf is also really, really common. Here’s an example of how boucher becomes louchébem. Now we get to the cool stuff. vegra = grave T’es génial, cimer ! It uses your viewed videos and mastered language lessons to recommend more useful videos and give you a 100% personalized experience. Okay I said it, there. The reason for this exception is due to the major element of sound. Fêtons 2018 -les Asl ont un incroyable talent! zar-bi (zarb’) = bizarre… Well, if your extent of French language usage is simply a classroom setting or ordering food at a French restaurant, then you shouldn’t care about verlan. Your tremendous support helps FrenchCrazy provide access to French learners across the globe. Le verlan (pronounced ver-lan) is a form of French argot (slang). It’s funny because the word verlan is actually an example of this process, being the inversion of the French word for “reverse”, l’envers (pronounced lan-ver). As French learners, you can learn French’s verlan—which is kind of like your childhood spoken codes but at a higher level—to understand and talk like natives.
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