Armeniae min. They are called "standards". , In Iran and Kashmir, Iris kashmiriana and Iris germanica are most commonly grown on Muslim grave yards. iris — [ iris ] n. m. • XIIIe; lat. The artist Philip Hermogenes Calderon painted an iris in his 1856 work Broken Vows; he followed the principles of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Search for Latin forms, English & German translations and vocabulary groups. Irises, especially the multitude of bearded types, feature regularly in shows such as the Chelsea Flower Show. "Japanese iris" is also a catch-all term for the Japanese iris proper (hanashōbu), the blood iris (I. sanguinea, ayame) and the rabbit-ear iris (I. laevigata, kakitsubata). This white iris displayed against a red background was the symbol of Florence until the Medici family reversed the colors to signal a change in political power, setting in motion a centuries-long and still on-going breeding program to hybridize a red iris. Some authors state that the name refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. 2. The yellow fleur-de-lis reflects the yellow iris (I. pseudacorus), common in Western Europe. Vocabulary Groups: Not part of any Vocabulary Group. Les couleurs de l iris. , It has been suggested that the 'agallis' mentioned was a dwarf iris, as described by leaf and root shape,) and identified as Iris attica. Between 30 and 60 species are classified in this section, depending on the authority. Latin - English, English - Latin, 3. fluv.  The cushion irises are somewhat fastidious growers, and to be successful with them they must be planted rather shallow in very gritty well-drained soil. l iris se forme dans la nuë par l opposition du Soleil. Reticulate irises with their characteristic bulbs, including the yellow I. danfordiae, and the various blue-purple I. histrioides and I. reticulata, flower as early as February and March. They expand from their narrow base (the "claw" or "haft"), into a broader expanded portion ("limb" or "blade") and can be adorned with veining, lines or dots. Nearly all species are found in temperate Northern hemisphere zones, from Europe to Asia and across North America. Median forms of bearded iris (intermediate bearded, or IB; miniature tall bearded, or MTB; etc.) They are generally earliest to bloom. supra Sebastiam, dein prope Comanam Ponticam Varum fluv. iris, iridos I ♦ Plante (iridacées), à rhizome ou à bulbe et à haute tige portant de grandes fleurs ornementales. Hermodactyloides OK. Soror Harpyarum, Thaumantisfilia, ex Electra, quam poetae Iunonis nunciam faciunt, h. e. aeris. The often-segregated, monotypic genera Belamcanda (blackberry lily, I. domestica), Hermodactylus (snake's head iris, I. tuberosa), and Pardanthopsis (vesper iris, I. dichotoma) are currently included in Iris. An ancient belief is that the iris serves as a warning to be heeded, as it was named for the messenger of Olympus. In the autumn, the iris re-appears and can stop the snakes again. The three sepals, which are usually spreading or droop downwards, are referred to as "falls". Latin Dictionary: the best Latin dictionary with a conjugator and a Latin declension tool available online for free! A stylized yellow iris is the symbol of Brussels, since historically the important Saint Gaugericus Island was carpeted in them. It grows all winter, keeping snakes out, but then goes dormant in the spring, allowing the snakes back into the garden. , In 1990, the Louisiana iris was voted the state wildflower of Louisiana, though the state flower is the magnolia blossom. aliisqueve in Pontum Euxinum se exonerat, inter Themiscyram ad Ort. A Reclassification of the Genus, Rodionenko, G. I.: The Genus Iris L. (Questions of Morphology, Biology, Evolution and Systematics). Dykes, W. R. (1913): The Genus Iris. The iris is promoted in the United Kingdom by the British Iris Society. × lurida. Various wild forms (including Iris aphylla) and naturally occurring hybrids of the Sweet iris (I. pallida) and the Hungarian iris (I. variegata) form the basis of almost all modern hybrid bearded irises. The three, sometimes reduced, petals stand upright, partly behind the sepal bases. et Veterum παρήορος. Irid e: Voc. Give a chance to the only Vocabulary Trainer asking for Latin principal parts!  and it is the official flower of Kappa Pi International Honorary Art Fraternity. The fleur-de-lis, a stylized iris, first occurs in its modern use as the emblem of the House of Capet. Il sign. Harris, Gwenda. For garden cultivation, iris classification differs from taxonomic classification. Declension Consonant Stems / Gender: feminine, Find more Latin text passages in the Latin is Simple Library. Λεῖπον Α῞λυν ποταμὸν, λεῖπον δ᾿ ἀνχὶῤῥοον Ι῎ριν. The earliest to bloom are species like I. junonia and I. reichenbachii, which flower as early as February and March in the Northern Hemisphere, followed by the dwarf forms of I. pumila, and then by most of the tall bearded varieties, such as the German iris and its variety florentina, sweet iris, Hungarian iris, lemon-yellow iris (I. flavescens), Iris sambucina, I. amoena, and their natural and horticultural hybrids such as those described under names like I. neglecta or I. squalens and best united under I. Asiae. The inflorescences are in the shape of a fan and contain one or more symmetrical six-lobed flowers. Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré. Irises should only be used medicinally under professional guidance. For other uses, see, Other plants named "iris" are found elsewhere in the, genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, Sapir, Y.; Shmida, A. and Abl.Abs.! Greeneville, Tennessee, is home to the annual Iris Festival celebrating the iris, local customs, and culture. L irone, principe… … Encyclopédie Universelle, Iris — typically refers to:* Iris (mythology), in Greek mythology, a messenger god and the personification of rainbows * Iris (color), an ambiguous color ranging from blue violet to violet, from the flower of the same nameIris may also refer to:In… … Wikipedia, iris — 1. Today Iris essential oil (absolute) from flowers are sometimes used in aromatherapy as sedative medicines. Iris: Gen. Irid is, Iris: Dat. In water purification, yellow iris (I. pseudacorus) is often used. Hermodactylus  Modern classifications, starting with Dykes (1913), have subdivided them. Limniris Taylor (1976) provides arguments for not including all arilate species in Hexapogon.. Due to a wide variety of geographic origins, and thus great genetic diversity, cultivation needs of iris vary greatly. Rancho Santa Ana 2004, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iris_(plant)&oldid=988887648, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They are united at their base into a floral tube that lies above the ovary (known as an epigynous or inferior ovary). There are species and selections, most notably based on the beardless rhizomatous Copper iris (I. fulva), which have a relatively pure red color. Iris Est autem revera arcus caelestis, pluviae plerumque praenuncia. It is thought in China, that Iris anguifuga has the ability to keep snakes from entering the garden. It also conveys images of lost love and silent grief, for young girls were led into the afterlife by Iris. In some species, the seeds bear an aril. Find more Latin words with our Advanced Search functionality. , The artist George Gessert has specialised in breeding irises. Membrană circulară, colorată a ochiului, situată înaintea cristalinului, în mijlocul căreia se găseşte pupila. The iris fruit is a capsule which opens up in three parts to reveal the numerous seeds within. Morphological divergence between populations usually follows a cline reflecting local adaptation to environment conditions; furthermore, this largely overlaps divergence between species, making it difficult to identify discrete species boundaries in these irises. Irid i: Acc.  The national collection of Arthur Bliss Irises is held by Anne Milner in Gloucestershire.. They have long, erect flowering stems which may be simple or branched, solid or hollow, and flattened or have a circular cross-section. These reticulate-bulbed irises are miniatures and popular spring bulbs, being one of the first to bloom in the garden. Fig. Diafragmă cu diametru variabil, folosită la instrumentele optice pentru a regla … Dicționar Român, iris — m. anat. , Philip Hermogenes Calderon's Broken Vows with the iris at lower left, Early coat-of-arms of the House of Capet (France ancient), This article is about the Iris plant. Iris rhizomes also contain notable amounts of terpenes, and organic acids such as ascorbic acid, myristic acid, tridecylenic acid and undecylenic acid. These grow on a pedicel or peduncle. Iridodictyum Contemporary uses can be seen in the Quebec flag and the logo of the New Orleans Saints professional football team and on the flag of Saint Louis, Missouri. Bearded iris are easy to cultivate and propagate and have become very popular in gardens. A reclassification of Iris species bearing arillate seeds. The scent is said to be similar to violets. ), Wilson, Carol. , Rodionenko also reduced the number of sections in subgenus Iris, from six to two, depending on the presence (Hexapogon) or absence (Iris) of arils on the seeds, referred to as arilate or nonarilate. Junopsis (trans. All Rights Reserved. Presby Memorial Iris Gardens in New Jersey, for example, is a living iris museum with over 10,000 plants, while in Europe the most famous iris garden is arguably the Giardino dell'Iris in Florence (Italy) which every year hosts a well attended iris breeders' competition. Iris: Irides: Abl. The dried rhizomes are also given whole to babies to help in teething. Andris', a vigorous, historic, tall bearded iris cultivar that Fryer hybridized in 1919, Rhizomes of the German Iris (I. germanica) and Sweet Iris (I. pallida) are traded as orris root and are used in perfume and medicine, though more common in ancient times than today. These rhizomes can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and/or skin irritation, but poisonings are not normally fatal. 2012. , The Iris croatica is the unofficial National Flower of Croatia . There are six major subgroupings of the beardless iris, depending on origin. Taylor, J.J. 1976. (i ris ) s. f. 1° Nom d une divinité de la mythologie grecque, qui était la messagère des dieux, et qui, déployant son écharpe, produisait l arc en ciel. Ubi unus modo funalis duobus iugalibus socitatur, qui est σειραῖος ἵππος in triga apud Dionys. Thus, an insect bearing pollen from one flower will, in entering a second, deposit the pollen on the stigma; in backing out of a flower, the pollen which it bears will not be rubbed off on the stigma of the same flower.. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. In general, modern classifications usually recognise six subgenera, of which five are restricted to the Old World; the sixth (subgenus Limniris) has a Holarctic distribution. Scorpiris , The artist Vincent van Gogh painted several famous pictures of irises.. Nom. Species of section Oncocyclus are generally strict endemics, typically occurring in a small number of scattered, disjunct populations, whose geographical isolation is enhanced by their pollination strategy and myrmecochory seed dispersal. aussi, Une fleur qu on appelle autrement Flambe. I. unguicularis is a late-winter-flowering species from Algeria, with sky-blue flowers blotched with yellow, produced from Winter to Spring. However, getting this color into a modern bearded iris breed has proven very difficult, and thus, the vast majority of irises are in the purple and blue range of the color spectrum, with yellow, pink, orange and white breeds also available. Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers. Beardless rhizomatous iris types commonly found in the European garden are the Siberian iris (I. sibirica) and its hybrids, and the Japanese Iris (I. ensata) and its hybrids.  In Christianity, the iris represents Our Lady of Sorrows as its sharp leaves are like swords. For orris root production, iris rhizomes are harvested, dried, and aged for up to 5 years. Dykes referred to the major subgroupings as sections. En grec, iris ιρις désignait des espèces d'iris ( Iris florentina à fleurs blanches ou I. germanica et I. pallida , à fleurs bleu-violacé) cf Pline 21, 40 ou d'autres espèces indéterminées [ 3 ] . Proceedings of the Biological Society, Washington.  Iris nigricans, the Black Iris is the national flower of Jordan. Iris violet, jaune. In this time, the fats and oils inside the roots undergo degradation and oxidation, which produces many fragrant compounds that are valuable in perfumery. L Iris se plaist dans les lieux marescageux.… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Some smaller iris species have all six lobes pointing straight outwards, but generally limb and standards differ markedly in appearance. , An iris — species unspecified — is one of the state flowers of Tennessee. 1. The provincial flower of Québec (Canada) is the harlequin blueflag (I. versicolor), called iris versicolore in French. New Zealand Iris Society 2011, Brian Mathew. min. "-" is the shortcut for "this form does not exist". 89: 411-420. Latin Dictionary Declensions / Conjugations latin Search within inflected forms. Pardanthopsis CLASSIFICATION OF IRISES. Chancery of the Prime Minister, Kingdom of Belgium : Species Group of the British Iris Society (1996): A Guide to Species Irises: Their Identification and Cultivation; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
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