Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). Глава первая. With a population of 142.8 million according to the 2010 census, which rose to 146.7 million as of 2020, Russia is the most populous country in Europe and the ninth-most populous country in the world. Population actuelle: 67 911 786. Emigration was the most important factor for Germans, Jews and Baltic peoples (Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians). In 2017, the number of births took a drop mostly due to falling fertility rates, which, in turn, were affected by falling of fertility of 2nd children due to planned but postponed termination of maternal capital program, and falling of fertility of 1st children. , The natural population decline continued to slow through 2008—2012 due to declining death rates and increasing birth rates. Alcohol consumption per capita is as high in other East European countries. Russia's natural change in population over the past twenty-five years has been fairly unstable, decreasing in the early 90s, leveling out and then climbing beginning in 2005 before leveling out again. Armenia: 59,400 There is a significant inflow of ethnic Armenians, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Tajiks into big Russian cities, something that is viewed unfavorably by some citizens. For example, Zabaykalsky Krai had a TFR of 1.82, which is higher than the national average, but less than the 2.1 needed for population replacement.. Ethnic Russians and other Slavic and Finnic groups have higher median age compared to the Caucasian groups. Women live 9–12 years longer than men, while the difference in lifespan is typically only five years in other parts of the world. Раздел первый. The mayor of Moscow said that Moscow cannot do without worker migrants. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. Russia is mostly an urban country; according to the census results, 74% of Russians live in urban areas -- either towns or cities. Russia’s economic freedom score is 61.0, making its economy the 94th freest in the 2020 Index. The overall life expectancy in Russia at birth is 72.4 years (66.9 years for males and 77.6 years for females). While Russia did see some promising figures in 2019, with 98,000 migrants recorded in the country, this was seen as an anomaly. Moscow is the largest city in Russia with a population of 12.1 million people, which also makes it the 11th largest city in the world. There is no official census data on religion, but a 2012 survey indicated that 41% of Russians were Russian Orthodox Christians, 13% were non-religious, 6.5% were Muslims, and 5.5% were "undecided.". Following the breakup of the Soviet Union and the economic dislocation it engendered, the standard of living fell dramatically. According to the data of the 2010 Census, presented above, 88.26% of the people who stated their ethnicity belong to traditional Christian ethnic groups, 10.90% belong to traditional Muslim ethnic groups and 0.84% belong to traditional Buddhist, Jewish, Hindu and other ethnic groups. In: P. Uhlenberg (Editor), International Handbook of the Demography of Aging, New York: Springer-Verlag, 2009, pp. Population de la Fédération russe (1951 - 2020) L'histoire de la population de la Fédération russe. The number of Russians living in poverty has decreased by 50% since the economic crisis following the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the improving economy had a positive impact on the country's low birth rate.  There is some presence of Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and other pagan beliefs are also present to some extent in remote areas, sometimes syncretized with one of the mainstream religions. Kyrgyzstan: 44,600 As a result of great emphasis on science and technology in education, Russian medical, mathematical, scientific, and space and aviation research is generally of a high order. The response of violent mortality to economic crisis in Russia. Azerbaijan: 67,900 In most of the federal subjects[clarification needed] in Siberia and the Russian Far East, the total fertility rates were high, but not high enough to ensure population replacement. The ethnic divisions used here are those of the official census, and may in some respects be controversial. Most of them work in the construction, cleaning and in the household industries. , The Kazakhs in Russia are mostly not recent immigrants. In 2009, 8 of Russia's federal subjects had a TFR above 2.1 children per woman (the approximate minimum required to ensure population replacement), These federal subjects are Chechnya (3.38), Tuva (2.81), Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug (2.73), Agin-Buryat Okrug (2.63), Komi-Permyak (2.16), Evenk Okrug (2.58), Altai Republic (2.36), Nenets Autonomous Okrug (2.1). Further contributing to Russia’s population decline is a low level of immigration. , The Russian Federation is home to as many as 160 different ethnic groups and indigenous peoples. In recent years the percentage of children per woman 16 years or more were:, Despite a decrease in women who have not had children, the number of three-child and large families has declined between 2002 and 2010. The process of assimilation of the Uralic peoples of Russia is probably going on for centuries and is most prominent among the Mordvins (1.4% of the Russian population in 1926 and 0.5% in 2010), the Karelians, Veps and Izhorians. Russia is home to approximately 117 million ethnic Russians, and about 20 million ethnic Russians live outside of Russia in the former republics of the Soviet Union, mostly in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, as well as in the diaspora across the globe. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Because of this, citizen-based population growth in developed countries has simply stopped. The ethno-demographic structure of Russia has gradually changed over time. , In 2006, in a bid to compensate for the country's demographic decline, the Russian government started simplifying immigration laws and launched a state program "for providing assistance to voluntary immigration of ethnic Russians from former Soviet republics". The first wave of this was noticed in the early 2000s as urban populations dipped in favor of rural living. Tajikistan: 87,100 New laws are in place that require worker migrants to be fluent in Russian, know Russian history and laws. Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. While projections into the future of Russia are very difficult, it's estimated that Russia will fall from the 9th most populous country to 17th by 2050. According to the FMS, as of 2011, there were 7,000,000 immigrants working in Russia.  The maintenance of these dachas has created a secondary type of suburbanization/deurbanization that has slowed the typical deurbanization seen in developing countries. The report argues that advocates of economic reforms ignored the human cost of the policies they were promoting, such as unemployment and human suffering, leading to an early death.  According to the Armenian government, between 80,000 and 120,000 Armenians travel to Russia every year to do seasonal work, returning home for the winter. It was only a late intervention from the Russian Government, allocating 10 billion roubles, that prevented it from being pushed back to 2013. All others: 41,400. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 07:20. Abortion rates fell in the first half of the 1990s for the first time in Russia's history, even despite declining fertility rates. Russia is one of the few countries with a negative growth rate, declining from an estimated population of 146.3 million in 2015. Russia's free, widespread and in-depth educational system, inherited with almost no changes from the Soviet Union, has produced nearly 100% literacy. Russia, which is also known as the Russian Federation, is located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. For example, in 2002, in the ethnic group with the lowest median age – Ingush – women 35 or older had, on average, 4.05 children; in the ethnic group with the highest median age – Jews – women 35 or older averaged only 1.37 children. Ukraine: 93,400 From around 17 per 1,000 persons in the mid 1980s, the rate fell to below 10 per 1,000 in the mid-1990s – well below the rate needed to sustain a population.  As of 2011, the average life expectancy in Russia was 64.3 years for males and 76.1 years for females. In: Pridemore, W.A. Population féminine actuelle (53.7%) 1 629 879. Note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est. Статистика населения России РФ : Сайт о странах, городах, статистике населения и пр", "Путин заявил, что недоволен уровнем рождаемости в России", https://www.worldometers.info/demographics/russia-demographics/, "RUSSIA: historical demographical data of the whole country", "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. female: 77.4 years. 2007 marked the highest growth in birth rates that the country had seen in 25 years, and 2009 marked the highest total birth rate since 1991.. Décès cette année: 1 908. So what is causing Russia’s decline? Russia Population. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. This makes it difficult to farm and maintain a consistent flow of supplies. Kazakhstan: 28,100 1.89% Global Rank. Russia has a population of around 143 million inhabitants. Compared to other most populous nations, Russia has a lower TFR than Nigeria (5.37), Pakistan (3.42), Indonesia (2.5), India (2.30), Mexico (2.19), the USA (1.84), and higher TFR than Brazil (1.74), and China (1.5–1.6). Population actuelle: 67 911 786. While it may seem that WWII is in the distant past, the devastating loss of life the Soviet Union took during those years created a “hole” in the countries growth.  The Census usually covers only a part of this population and the last one (2002 Census) counted one million non-citizens. , The total fertility rate is the number of children born to each woman. About 3 million students attend Russia's 519 institutions of higher education and 48 universities.  In 2018, the UN claimed that Russia's population could fall to 132 million by 2050. As of 2018, Russia's TFR of 1.579 children born/woman was among the highest in Eastern, Southern and Central Europe. When controlling for confounding variables, neither alcoholism, poverty, pollution, nor the collapse of the health system explain the high male mortality.  As of 2018, the total fertility rate (TFR) across Russia was estimated to be 1.58 born per woman, one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, below the replacement rate of 2.1, and considerably below the high of 7.44 children born per woman in 1908. Fertility rates had already begun to decline in the late 1980s due to the natural progression of Russia's demographic structure, but the rapid and widely negative changes in society following the collapse greatly influenced the rate of decline. List of federal subjects of Russia by total fertility rate, List of federal subjects of Russia by life expectancy, List of countries by immigrant population, Indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East, "Население России на 2017 год составляет 146 804 372 человека. This means the natural loss of population was about 20% larger than in the previous year. One factor that could explain the low male lifespan in Russia is violence, tolerance for violence and tolerance for risk, "male toughness". The Russian state religion is Orthodox Christianity.  A WHO press-release in 2000, on the other hand, reported widespread alcohol abuse in Russia being used as the most common explanation of higher mortality among men. Interestingly, Russia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world, in part due to its harsh climate. Like most countries, Russia undertakes a census every decade or so. Population: 145,934,459. Blog - Follow us on Twitter - Buy a poster - Contact us by email, © December 2019 by PopulationPyramid.net, made available under a Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0 IGO: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/, Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100, Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries, Comparison of carbon emissions per country, List of countries ordered by their population size, Origin of the migrants stocks per country, Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19), Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population), Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV), Antiretroviral therapy coverage (% of people living with HIV), Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total), Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of children under age 5 with fever), Completeness of death registration with cause-of-death information (%), Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79), Diarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding), GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$), Health expenditure per capita (current US$), Immunization, BCG (% of one-year-old children) - Turberculosis, Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and Tetanus, Immunization, HepB3 (% of one-year-old children) - Hepatitis B, Immunization, Hib3 (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Meningitis, Pneumonia, and Epiglottitis, Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months), Immunization, Polio (% of one-year-old children), Incidence of HIV (% of uninfected population ages 15-49), Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk), Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people), Labor force, female (% of total labor force), Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24), People practicing open defecation, urban (% of urban population), Population ages 65 and above (% of total), Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49), Prevalence of overweight, female (% of female adults), Prevalence of overweight, male (% of male adults), Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5), Prevalence of syphilis (% of women attending antenatal care), Public spending on education, total (% of GDP), Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk), School enrollment, secondary, male (% net), Sex ratio at birth (male births per female births), Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults), Suicide mortality rate (per 100,000 population), Tuberculosis death rate (per 100,000 people), Unemployment, total (% of total labor force), http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/.  A 2008 study produced very similar results.  In 2012, the Russian Federal Security Service's Border Service stated there had been an increase in illegal migration from the Middle East and Southeast Asia (Note that these were Temporary Contract Migrants) Under legal changes made in 2012, illegal immigrants who are caught will be banned from reentering the country for 10 years. Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Année Russia is the most populous country in Europe, and the ninth-most populous country in the world, its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). National subdivisions of Russia have additional official languages (see their respective articles). Several peoples saw a much larger decrease than can be explained by the low fertility rates and high mortality rates in Russia during the past two decades. 2005. female: 99.6%.  The majority inhabit regions bordering Kazakhstan such as the Astrakhan (16% of the population are Kazakhs), Orenburg (6% of the population are Kazakhs), Omsk (4% of the population are Kazakhs) and Saratov (3% of the population are Kazakhs) oblasts. Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Elderly dependency ratio Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Total dependency ratio Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios. Gavrilova N.S., Semyonova V.G., Dubrovina E., Evdokushkina G.N., Ivanova A.E., Gavrilov L.A. Russian Mortality Crisis and the Quality of Vital Statistics. This led to much higher abortion rates in Russia compared to other developed countries: in the 1980s Russia had a figure of 120 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age compared with only 20 per 1,000 in Western countries. suggested that the population of Russia in 2011 was 141.8 million. Population growth and demographics have long been a problem for Russia, as a decade ago the nation was losing 1 million people a year, and many doubt Vladimir Putin's plans will work. Статистический ежегодник России. The only significant reversion of the trend was caused by Mikhail Gorbachev's anti-alcohol campaign, but its effect was only temporary. For the same demographic, this compares to 4% of deaths for the rest of the world. Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. miles). страница 38, "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики", https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/Dem_ejegod-2019.pdf, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/Popul2020.xls, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/EDN(1).xlsx, Age structure of the Russian population as of 1 January 2009, Russian Birth Rate above Regional Average, "According To The Latest Data Russia's Demography Is Still In Sharp Decline", "ЕСТЕСТВЕННОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ В РАЗРЕЗЕ СУБЪЕКТОВ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ за январь-июнь 2020 года", "Life expectancy of the Russian Federation since 1950", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни при рождении", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни россиян выросла на 3,7 года в 2011г – Голикова", "Global status report on alcohol and health", Yeltsin: healthier than the average Russian: Poverty, pollution and drink has slashed life expectancy, writes Phil Reeves, "World Development Indicators – DataBank", "National Human Development Report: Russian Federation 2008: Russia Facing Demographic Challenges", National Human Development Report Russian Federation 2008, https://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm, "Владивосток: В России стало больше русских", "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше", "СОСТАВ ГРУППЫ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ "ЛИЦА, УКАЗАВШИЕ ДРУГИЕ ОТВЕТЫ О НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ ПРИНАДЛЕЖНОСТИ" ПО СУБЪЕКТАМ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ, Central Asia: Labor Migrants Face Abuse, Xenophobia, "Central Asian Migrants in Russia: A Heated Debate", "Mapped: Which country has the most immigrants? It stretches across 11 time zones and shares a land border with 14 different countries. Their main country of destination is Germany. The more recent drop in fertility has been sharpest in the North Caucasus, including in Chechnya where the birth rate fell by one-third since 2010. The graphic also demonstrates that Russia is a fairly ethnically diverse country. Although almost 81% of Russian citizens identify themselves as ethnic Russians, there are also other large ethnic groups. In 2012, Russia's population increased by 292,400.. Population of Russia (2020) View live population, charts & trends: Population of Russia.  Only a small percentage of the population is strongly religious: about approximately 2–4% of the general population are integrated into church life (воцерковленные), while others attend on a less regular basis or not at all. Yet its TFR is higher than in other G7 countries like Canada (1.61), Germany (1.50), Japan (1.46) and Italy (1.35). Ruling Russia: Law, Crime, and Justice in a Changing Society. The Census results are probably the most reliable indicator, but other estimates of the Russia population are available. The latter rose from its lowest point of 8.27 births per 1000 people in 1999 to 13.3 per 1000 in 2014. Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions. La partie européenne de la Russie concentre 78% de la population totale sur 25 % du territoire. There are more than 100 languages spoken in Russia, many of which are in danger of extinction.  Key reasons for the slow current population growth are improving health care, changing fertility patterns among younger women, falling emigration and a steady influx of immigrants from ex-USSR countries. As you can see from the graphic, almost half of all Russians live in just two areas: the Central and Volga federal districts. This article is about demographics. Poverty is high in many other countries. Russian is the official language of the country and spoken by almost everyone. Chart and table of Russia population density from 1950 to 2020. Although well-educated and skilled, it is largely mismatched to the rapidly changing needs of the Russian economy. ; Russia 2020 population is estimated at 145,934,462 people at mid year according to UN data. After experiencing a surge in births for several years, Russia's birth rate fell in 2017 by 10.6% percent, reaching its lowest level in 10 years.. Its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). The further east you go --to Siberia and beyond -- the less dense the population is.   These elevated fertility rates did not lead to population growth due to the casualties of the Russian Revolution, the two world wars and political killings. Rosstat, the official Government statistics agency, suggested that the population of Russia in 2011 was 141.8 million, and the CIA estimated that the population was even lower: 138.7 million. Of these federal subjects, four have an ethnic Russian majority (Altai, Evenk, Ust-Orda and Nenets). Note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions. Russian families may decamp to their dacha in the warmer months where they may keep a garden an a few goats. The unemployment rate in Russia was 5.3% as of 2013.  Since the 1990s, Russia's death rate has exceeded its birth rate. Russia also has one of the oldest populations in the world with an average age of 40.3 years.  In April 2011 the Russian Prime Minister (Russian president as of 2012) Vladimir Putin pledged to spend the 1.5 trillion rubles (£32.5 billion or $54 billion) on various measures to boost Russia's declining birthrate by 30 per cent in the next four years. male: 99.7% ), Population is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south, 8.4 people per square kilometer (2010 Russian Census), at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female Boulder, Colorado: Rowman & Littlefield Publ., Inc, 117–145. However, recent studies have shown that Russia may be emptying from within, with more of the population choosing to “de-urbanize” and move to the countryside. Aging Populations: Russia/Eastern Europe. The Russian economy grew strongly during the first decade of the 20th century, and in 2009 the Russian population saw a small but significant increase. ", "Migration and Remittances: Recent Developments and Outlook", "Armenians Enticed by Russian Passport Offer", "Tajik Official Says Migration To Russia Down", "Central Asian remittances from Russia begin to recover", "Национальный состав международных мигрантов", "5. By 2010, due to Jewish emigration, their number fell as low as 158,000. The causes for this sharp increase in mortality are widely debated. , Temporary migrant workers in Russia consists of about 7 million people, most of the temporary workers come from Central Asia, the Balkans and East Asia. Even when Russia recovers from the war echo, it faces what many developed countries now face: a low birth rate. Soon after, a study published in 2007 showed that the rate of population decrease had begun to slow: if the net decrease from January to August 2006 was 408,200 people, it was 196,600 in the same period in 2007. For this reason, over 73% of the population choose to live in urban areas. Russian Federation - 2020. The Russia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of the Russian Federation delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division. Population masculine actuelle (46.3%) 78 710 924 . , The decline slowed considerably in the late 2000s, and in 2009 Russia recorded population growth for the first time in 15 years, adding 23,300. , Since the collapse of the USSR, most immigrants have come from Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Belarus, and China.  The 2010 census recorded roughly 80.9% of the population as ethnic Russians, and 19.1% as other ethnicities: 3.9% Tatars; 1.4% Ukrainians; 1.1% Bashkirs; 1% Chuvashes; 11.7% others and unspecified. Kyrgyzstan 50,000 migrant workers, 219 settled permanently. Масштабы и темпы динамики численности населения России за 1811—1913 гг. Since 1992, natural growth in Russia has been negative and the numbers of all peoples of European Russia were lower in 2010 than in 2002, the only exceptions being the Roma (due to high fertility rates) and the Gagauz (due to high levels of migration from Moldova to Russia). The figures for 2013–2015 again showed around 1.9 million births, about the same as in 2012, but because the number of women of childbearing age is dropping, especially for those in their early 20s, the TFR actually rose to 1.777, which places Russia at first 9 or 10 countries out of 50 developed nations, and at 6th place in Europe. The number of births was expected to fall over the next few years as women born during the baby bust in the 1990s enter their prime childbearing years, but this didn't occur thanks to the continued growth of the TFR. Population Research and Policy Review, 2008, 27: 551–574. definition: age 15 and over can read and write Population masculine actuelle (46.3%) ... Nombre d'adeptes ( 15.11.2020 - Countrymeters.info). Unfortunately, even if this plan succeeded, the fast that 17 to 20% of Russians are seeking to permanently move to another country could hinder the country’s plan to bolster their shrinking population. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the population of Russia was recorded at 148,538,000. The number of Kazakhs slightly decreased between 2002 and 2010 due to emigration to Kazakhstan, which has by far the strongest economy in Central Asia (Russia does receive immigration from Kazakhstan, but they are mainly ethnic Russians); other Central Asian populations, especially Uzbeks, Tajiks, and Kyrgyz, have continued to rise rapidly. According to the Census, 84.93% of the Russian population belongs to European ethnic groups (Slavic, Germanic, Finnic, Greek, and others). As of the 2010 census, 80.90% of the population that disclosed their ethnicity (111,016,896 people) is ethnically Russian, followed by (groups larger than one million):, According to the 2010 Census in Russia lived 142,856,536 people. 15–64 years: 0.4 male(s)/female Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania: 5,300 СПб., 1914. Low birth rates and abnormally high death rates caused Russia's population to decline at a 0.5% annual rate, or about 750,000 to 800,000 people per year from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. Russia recorded 1,896,263 births, the highest number since 1990, and even exceeding annual births during the period 1967–1969, with a TFR of 1.691, the highest since 1991.